India - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Aug, 2017   |   103  Pages   |   Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd   |   Format : PDF
A major shakeout in the Indian mobile market is inevitable. India continues to be one of the fastest growing major telecom markets in the world. It is also one of the largest. Sweeping reforms introduced by successive Indian governments over the last decade have dramatically changed the nature of telecommunications in the country. The Indian government has been proactive in its efforts to transform India into a global telecommunication hub.

A strong increase in the telecom subscribers base has necessitated network expansion covering a wider area, thereby creating a need for significant investment in telecom infrastructure. However the fixed line market in India remains highly underdeveloped due to the dominance of the mobile segment. Further, the number of fixed telephone lines is slowly declining as the mobile segment continues to expand.

India’s fixed broadband market remains highly under-developed due to the dominance of the mobile platform and in turn by the uptake of mobile broadband. Fixed broadband penetration is expected to grow at a moderate rate over the next five years to 2022 from a very small base.

The digital economy will help the country align to its goals of expanding the wider Indian economy as well as enhancing jobs. Sectors such as communications, including telecoms, IT services, eCommerce, FinTech and electronics manufacturing, are growing at a good pace.

In 2017 India was the fastest growing eCommerce market globally however India will take more than 10 years to reach the level of the US and China markets in online retail.

There are several trends in the Indian online education segment that are contributing to the growth opportunities ahead. These include a continuous need for working professionals to learn new skills as well as the emergence of technologies such as big data and artificial intelligence that  are enabling online education vendors to design customized content.
Video will remain the main driver for online content consumption. Increased uptake of VOD and catch-up TV, short format and original local video content along with high 4G data speeds will drive mobile data consumption.

India’s mobile market dominates the local telecom sector with its large subscriber base and revenue numbers, as well as the huge capital investment by operators. It has continued to be a highly competitive market in which a large number of providers have been battling to increase market share.

India’s mobile market has experienced very strong growth over the last five years. Market penetration is expected to reach over 90% by 2022.

Rather than a focus only on growth in subscribers the market is shifting to value-added. The roll-out of 4G / LTE services is driving significant shift to mobile data services across the country.
Market competition is intensifying in the mobile sector. Significant market consolidation amongst the mobile operators was underway in 2016 and 2017:

There was a very significant drop in ARPU during 2016-17 due to the entry of Jio into the mobile market. The subsequent price war has been intensifying in the mobile sector. A shake-out of the Indian mobile market is inevitable.

Mobile broadband penetration has grown strongly in India over the past few years, driven by a strong and growing mobile subscriber base. Going forward, the adoption of mobile broadband is expected to grow strongly as constraints in India around availability of network, ecosystem and affordability are addressed.

Key developments:
The emergence of an affluent middle class is triggering demand for mobile broadband.
IoT focus areas will include agriculture, health, transportation, security, automobile, and smart cities.
Video will remain the main driver for online content consumption.
The digital economy will help the country align to its goals of expanding the wider Indian economy.
Fixed broadband penetration is expected to grow at a moderate rate to 2022.
Mobile broadband penetration has grown strongly in India.
Market competition is intensifying in the mobile sector.
Significant market consolidation amongst the mobile operators is underway.
A shake-out of the Indian mobile market is inevitable.

Key companies mentioned in this report:
Aircel, Bharti Airtel, Loop Mobile (BPL Mobile), Idea, Reliance Communications, Tata Teleservices, Videocon, S Tel, Bharti Telenet, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices, Sistema (Shyam Telelink), Swan Telecom, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL), Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL), Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd (MTNL), Videocon, Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJI).
1. Key statistics
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Market Overview and Analysis
2.2 Background
2.3 Telecommunications Investment
2.3.1 Foreign investment
2.3.2 Investment in IT infrastructure
2.3.3 Investment in Digital Projects
2.3.4 Rural Projects
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Overview
3.2 Regulatory authorities
3.2.1 Ministry for Communications (MoC)
3.2.2 Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
3.2.3 Telecom Commission
3.2.4 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
3.2.5 Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
3.2.6 Communications Commission of India (CCI)
3.2.7 Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY)
3.3 Licensing circles
3.4 Licensing - VNO’s
3.5 Net Neutrality
3.6 Access
3.7 Fibre Access
3.8 Regulatory developments
3.8.1 Overview
3.8.2 Regulatory developments - 2015
3.8.3 Regulatory developments - 2014
3.9 Government policies
3.9.1 National Telecom Policies 1999 (NTP-99)
3.9.2 Addendum to NTP-99
3.9.3 National Broadband Policy 2004
3.9.4 12th Five Year Plan (2012 - 2017)
3.10 Interconnect
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Fixed-line statistics by Operator
4.2 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
4.2.1 Overview
4.2.2 Fixed-line business
4.3 Bharti Airtel
4.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
4.5 Quadrant
4.6 Reliance Communications
4.7 SSTL (Sistema)
4.8 Tata Teleservices
4.9 Videocon
4.10 Vodafone
4.11 NTT
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.2 Statistics
5.3 Telecom towers
5.3.1 Overview
5.3.2 Developments
5.4 Rural and regional networks
5.4.1 Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)
5.4.2 Village Public Telephones (VPTs)
5.4.3 Public Call Offices (PCOs)
5.5 National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)
5.6 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
5.7 International infrastructure
5.7.1 Background
5.8 Satellite communications
5.8.1 INSAT
5.8.2 Intelsat
5.8.3 Thaicom (formerly ShinSat)
5.9 Submarine cable networks
5.9.1 FLAG
5.9.2 Network i2i
5.9.3 Tata-Indicom cable
5.9.4 SEA-ME-WE 4
5.9.5 Bharat Lanka cable
5.9.6 India, Middle East, Western Europe (I-ME-WE) cable
5.9.7 Europe India Gateway (EIG) cable
5.9.8 Southeast Asia Japan Cable System (SJC)
5.9.9 Submarine cable developments
5.10 Specific IT developments
5.10.1 Data Centres
5.10.2 Cloud Computing
5.11 Smart infrastructure
5.11.1 M2M/IoT
5.11.2 Smart cities
6. Broadband market
6.1 Market Overview and analysis
6.2 Broadband statistics
6.2.1 Internet statistics
6.3 National Broadband Policy
6.4 National Broadband Plan
6.5 Forecasts - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2017; 2019; 2022
6.6 Fixed Broadband Service Providers
6.6.1 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
6.6.2 Bharti Airtel
6.6.3 Hughes Telecom
6.6.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
6.6.5 Atria Convergence Technologies (ACT)
6.6.6 Vodafone
6.6.7 Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
6.7 Fixed Broadband Technologies
6.7.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.7.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.7.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
6.7.4 Fixed wireless
7. Digital media
7.1 Videostreaming
7.1.1 IPTV
7.2 Broadcasting Market
7.2.1 Overview
7.2.2 Market statistics
7.2.3 Cable TV and Satellite TV
7.2.4 Pay TV
7.2.5 Satellite TV Direct-to-Home (DTH) TV
8. Digital economy
8.1 Overview
8.2 e-Commerce
8.3 e-Education
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market Overview and Analysis
9.1.1 Geographic segments
9.1.2 Rural expansion
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Mobile Broadband
9.2.3 Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2017; 2019; 2022
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Spectrum
9.3.2 Mobile Subscriber Verification
9.3.3 Call drop investigation
9.3.4 Operators directed to issue data usage messages
9.3.5 Roaming
9.3.6 MNP
9.3.7 Network sharing
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Introduction
9.4.2 GSM
9.4.3 CDMA
9.4.4 3G
9.4.5 4G / LTE
9.4.6 Other infrastructure developments
9.5 Major mobile operators
9.5.1 Subscribers by Operator
9.5.2 Merger Activities - 2016 - 2017
9.5.3 Aircel
9.5.4 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
9.5.5 Bharti Airtel
9.5.6 Idea Cellular
9.5.7 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
9.5.8 Quadrant
9.5.9 Reliance Communications (RCOM)
9.5.10 Reliance Jio Infocomm (jio)
9.5.11 SSTL (Sistema)
9.5.12 Tata Teleservices
9.5.13 Telenor
9.5.14 Vodafone
9.5.15 Fixed-line business
9.5.16 Reach mobile
9.5.17 MVNOs
9.6 Mobile content and applications
9.6.1 Introduction
9.6.2 m-banking (payments/loans)
9.6.3 m-TV
9.6.4 m-Health
9.6.5 Apps
9.7 Mobile handsets

Table 1 - Country statistics India - 2017
Table 2 - Telephone network statistics - 2017
Table 3 - Fixed Broadband statistics - 2017
Table 4 - Mobile statistics - 2017
Table 5 - National telecommunications authorities
Table 6 - Historical - Foreign Direct Investment in telecom sector - 2004 - 2014
Table 7 - Telephone services to villages (Universal Services) - 2016
Table 8 - Fixed Line Service Provider by Rural, Urban Segment - 2017
Table 9 - Fixed Line Service Provider by Rural, Urban Segment - 2016
Table 10 - Fixed-line subscribers (millions) by operator - 2010 - 2014; 2016 - 2017
Table 11 - BSNL fixed-line subscribers - 2002; 2012 - 2017
Table 12 - Bharti fixed-line subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 13 - MTNL fixed-line subscribers - 2004; 2007; 2010 - 2017
Table 14 - Quadrant fixed-line subscribers - 2012 - 2017
Table 15 - Reliance fixed-line subscribers - 2005 - 2017
Table 16 - Sistema fixed-line subscribers - 2010 - 2017
Table 17 - Tata fixed-line subscribers - 2011 - 2017
Table 18 - Historic - Videocon mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2015
Table 19 - Vodafone Fixed Line subscribers - 2011 - 2017
Table 20 - Fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2017
Table 21 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity (historical) - 1995 - 2005
Table 22 - Growth of VPT scheme - 2001 - 2017
Table 23 - PCOs in operation - 2003 - 2004; 2007 - 2017
Table 24 - Fixed broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2017
Table 25 - Fixed broadband subscribers - market share by access type (Historical) - 2014
Table 26 - Internet penetration - 2006 - 2018
Table 27 - Dial-up internet subscribers (historical) - 2007 - 2013
Table 28 - Internet household penetration - 2005 - 2017
Table 29 - Proportion of households with a computer- 2007 - 2017
Table 30 - International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2017
Table 31 - Forecast Fixed Broadband subscribers - 2017; 2019; 2022
Table 32 - Number of licensed ISPs (historical) - 2002 - 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2013
Table 33 - Historic - Cable modem subscribers - 2001 - 2014
Table 34 - Historic - DSL subscribers - 2001 - 2014
Table 35 - Historic - FttX subscribers - 2010 - 2014
Table 36 - Broadcasting market overview
Table 37 - DTH subscribers - 2008 - 2017
Table 38 - Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2006 - 2017
Table 39 - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) - 2002 - 2017
Table 40 - Mobile penetration in urban and rural areas - 2007; 2009 - 2017
Table 41 - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) - 2005 - 2017
Table 42 - Mobile broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2017
Table 43 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2017; 2019; 2022
Table 44 - GSM ARPU - 2003 - 2017
Table 45 - GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended - March 2017
Table 46 - GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended - March 2016
Table 47 - CDMA ARPU - 2003 - 2017
Table 48 - Mobile subscribers and market share (wireless) - 2017
Table 49 - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (wireless) - 2015 - 2016
Table 50 - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) - 2016 - 2017
Table 51 - Mobile operators, subscribers and market share (fixed and wireless) - 2015 - 2016
Table 52- Mobile operators - Systems and Launch
Table 53 - Aircel mobile subscribers - 2004 - 2017
Table 54 - BSNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 55 - Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 56 - Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU - 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2017
Table 57 - Idea Cellular mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 58 - Idea Cellular mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2011; 2013 - 2017
Table 59 - MTNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 60 - Quadrant mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2017
Table 61 - Reliance mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 62 - Reliance mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2017
Table 63 - Sistema mobile subscribers - 2008 - 2017
Table 64 - Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 65 - Telenor mobile subscribers - 2009 - 2017
Table 66 - Vodafone mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2017
Table 67 - Vodafone - mobile ARPU - 2008 - 2017
Table 68 - Vodafone fixed-line subscribers - 2011 - 2017

Chart 1 - Fixed-line subscribers market share by operator - 2017
Chart 2 - Fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2017
Chart 3 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2017
Chart 4 - Internet penetration - 2006 - 2018
Chart 5 - Forecast Fixed Broadband subscribers - 2017; 2019; 2022
Chart 6 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2017
Chart 7 - Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2017
Chart 8 - Forecast mobile penetration - 2017; 2019; 2022
Chart 9 - Mobile subscribers and market share (wireless) - 2017

Exhibit 1- Fixed-line basic services by operator
Exhibit 2 - Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel
Exhibit 3 - ISRO satellite network
Exhibit 4 - International submarine cable systems with landing points in India

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